Implementing Waste Management Strategies


  • Kamloops has developed an innovative curbside recycling program to make the collection of recyclables and waste more efficient. / UBCM.Set diversion and disposal targets for solid waste – these may be part of resource management plans, zero waste strategies or other policies
  • Promote waste reduction and reuse – for example, through public education and promotion of materials exchange facilities and programs (see the BC Materials Exchanges)
  • Provide educational resources on recycling practices and services
  • Work to expand and enhance collection services
  • Work with private waste management services/community groups to provide collection and/or processing services. An example is Pacific Mobile Depots.
  • Work with adjacent/regional governments to develop shared solutions
  • Ban recyclable wastes from the landfill, in conjunction with enhancing recycling services
  • Create/enhance strategies for Demolition, Land clearing and Construction (DLC) waste
  • Encourage product stewardship activities, and work with all levels of government on producer responsibility and “cradle-to-grave” or “cradle-to-cradle” waste management.

Other Considerations

In taking action, consider:

  • Targeting the high-reward products. Different materials have different payoffs in terms of how recycling saves energy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. According to data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [1], recycling aluminum cans results in the largest net energy and greenhouse gas benefit.

* Assumes recycled materials would otherwise have been landfilled. Includes embedded energy. / IFC Consulting, EPA, 2005


  • The ease of recycling – e.g. the proximity of processing facilities. Convenience is key to public participation.
  • The market value of the materials.
  • Other environmental costs and benefits for different materials.


The Regional District of Kootenay Boundary [2] banned a range of materials, including yard and garden debris and recyclable materials, from the landfill in 2001.

The Regional District of Nanaimo (RDN) increased their solid waste diversion rate from 45% in 1998 to 57% in 2003. [3] Programs included:

  • Zero waste and composting education and promotion programs
  • Materials disposal bans including commercial organics
  • Illegal dumping program
  • Yard waste composting
  • Residential curbside and drop-off recycling programs

In 2002 the RDN adopted a “zero waste” diversion target. The Zero Waste Plan includes:

  • Single family residential organics collection and composting
  • DLC market study
  • A review of the potential for a “pay as you throw” fee system
  • Development of an internal zero waste policy

The projected overall diversion rate with implementation of the above programs is 76%.

[1], Waste Management and Energy Savings: Benefits by the Numbers, September 2005, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

[2], RDKB materials banned from the landfill, September 2001, City of Grand Forks

[3], RDN Zero Waste Plan, Regional District of Nanaimo